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Colon Cancer

Choice Cancer Care -  - Board Certified Medical Oncologist

Choice Cancer Care


Colon cancer affects your bowel and has the same cause as rectal cancer. If you're experiencing symptoms that could indicate colorectal cancer, the board-certified oncologists at Choice Cancer Care can help. At their locations in Plano, Lewisville, Irving, and Southlake, Texas, the team performs minimally invasive colonoscopy to identify and, where possible, remove cancerous growths. You can benefit from their expertise by calling the location closest to you or schedule a consultation online today.

Colon Cancer Q & A

What is colon cancer?

Your colon is the part of your large intestine that goes from your small intestine to your rectum. Colon cancer is a condition in which tumors develop and can cause early death if left untreated.

Inside your colon, small growths called polyps sometimes appear, most of which aren't cancerous and don't do any harm. However, occasionally one or more polyps become a malignant tumor.

Polyps can grow in both your colon and rectum, so this type of cancer is often known collectively as colorectal cancer. Undergoing regular screening tests for colorectal cancer is the best way to identify the disease in its earliest stages when it's highly treatable.

What causes colon cancer?

There's no single, defined cause for colon cancer that researchers have been able to find, but there are known risk factors that increase your chances of having the disease, such as:

  • Family history of polyps or colon cancer
  • Having ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
  • History of breast, ovarian, pancreatic, or uterine cancer
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Inherited medical conditions like juvenile polyposis
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer
  • Prolonged exposure to chlorine or asbestos

People whose diet is high in fruits and vegetables have a lower risk of getting colon cancer, but it's unclear exactly what role diet plays in increasing your risk.

You could also get anal cancer, but this is more likely from infection with HPV (human papillomavirus).

What treatments are there for colon cancer?

If there are any polyps present during a routine screening colonoscopy, your provider can remove them during the procedure. This prevents the polyps from progressing to a cancerous stage. They can also remove small tumors using colonoscopy.

If your colon cancer reaches a more advanced stage, Choice Cancer Care offers a selection of advanced treatments, including:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is more often used to relieve pain than as a treatment for the tumor.

If left unchecked, colon cancer can spread (metastasize) into other tissues, organs, and lymph nodes, making it much harder to treat. 

Five-year survival rates for metastasized colon cancer are only around 11%, but receiving treatment before the cancer spreads boosts the five-year survival rate to 90%.

If you have any signs of colon cancer or haven't had a screening recently, contact Choice Cancer Care for advice. Call the office nearest you or book an appointment online today.